Sam Jones   |  @samjonester

Accessibility Is Usability

Our goal when creating an accessible experience is to ensure that users with vision, auditory, motor, or cognitive disabilities are able to navigate all web content. Accessibility guidelines exist to eliminate barriers that would otherwise hinder equal access to a significant percentage of the population. The great thing about following accessibility guidelines is that techniques have an impact on all users. Getting started with accessibility is easy, and any action you take benefits users now!

Accessibility Benefits Everyone

While accessibility techniques are extremely advantageous to people with disabilities, the improvements you make have a much wider impact. Here are some examples of how accessibility techniques can impact a much broader user base.

In addition to this list, improving accessibility specifically for users with cognitive disabilities has very wide-reaching value.

The wide reaching nature of accessibility improvements.

A spectrum of permanent, temporary, and situational disabilities - credit: Microsoft’s Inclusive Design.

Accessibility is a Continuum

Accessibility isn’t a badge. It’s not an item on a checklist.
Increasing usability through accessibility is a continuous process.

Have you held off on “adding accessibility” to a web site or UI component, for fear that you’re not an accessibility expert? Don’t hold back! Each action taken will have an impact. As you learn more advanced techniques, you’ll still be providing a better experience through your previous actions.

The continuum ranges from simply ensuring content is navigable by a keyboard all the way up to becoming fully compliant with the many web accessibility standards. There are many techniques to be learned. Each one builds off the previous and will still be creating a more equal experience for all of your users.

Getting Started is Easy

Accessibility can feel intimidating if you aren’t familiar with the standards, rules, and techniques used to create accessible web content. I remember feeling overwhelmed by everything involved with creating something that is accessible. Unfortunately, this left me afraid and I failed to act at all! I’ve since learned a few things that have made accessibility feel more approachable.

Much of the benefits can be achieved with easy-to-implement techniques. By thinking about accessibility while initially creating web content, it’s even easier to ingrain equal access.

JavaScript is Accessible

JavaScript is a dominating force on the web today. Not surprisingly, even people with disabilities have JavaScript enabled. Using JavaScript does not preclude your content from being accessible. Many accessibility improvements are actually implemented through and rely on JavaScript. However, these techniques are more focused on ensuring that dynamic content controlled by JavaScript is presented to all users.

Guidelines Standards and Rules

When you’re thinking about getting started with accessibility, there are rules defined to help standardize techniques. These techniques are captured in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) and Section 508 Standards. Focusing on them while starting out can add confusion and create an intimidating experience, however it’s important to understand the origin and purpose of these guidelines and standards. It’s also important to revisit them throughout your journey.


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